Finance

Implications of Tax on Rental Income of Jointly Owned Properties

tax on rental income
Written by shozich

Being a sole property owner can be expensive, especially when land prices are going through the roof. For this purpose, and various others, people tend to purchase property in joint names. Tax on rental income can be high if a single person owns the property. Thus, people tend to opt for renting out jointly owned properties to save on landlord taxes.

When people rent out jointly owned rental properties to earn passive income, it cuts individual investment by a considerable chunk. It results in the reduction of tax on rental income, making real estate even more affordable. Thereby, individual funding capitalization through rental income and/or capital gains becomes a viable business. And all businesses under state law – except those who get exemptions – are taxed. Essentially, when two or more people come together for such ventures, they have to pay taxes as partners.

Let’s take a closer look.

The default positions

When a married couple jointly owns the property, they might or might not share the income equally. Fundamentally, this considers the principle that each spouse contributed an equal share of funding during investment. But when is that always the case? Frequently, one partner has invested more than the other – if not all. This type of allocation can make it daunting to calculate rental income tax that needs efficiency. Fortunately, there are ways to rectify such occurrences to enable an accurate distribution of rental income tax UK.

Applying for necessary adjustments

When the default position doesn’t hold, people have the option to pay tax on rental income according to an appropriate ratio. More often than not, one person pays a higher rate of tax than the other. If we consider the default tax position, a low rate taxpayer is forced to pay much more rental income tax than he/she should have to. Thus, the couple would need to make an election for a revised letting rental income tax split. Regardless, this must align with respective beneficial entitlement.

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Understanding the basics

Normally, a private landlord would pay appropriate landlord tax calculated by subtracting allowable expenses from their letting income every year. In the case of selling the asset, the tax on capital gains also comes under consideration in calculating the landlord tax’s final payable amount. Therefore, people who buy property together have to pay tax on their share of the rental income.

As rent is the additional income a person can earn, the individual marginal tax rate is used to calculate landlord tax. For instance, an accountant has a joint stake in property from which he/she earns a profit every month. Thus, it is crucial to calculate the amount of landlord tax without any prior deductions. Contrarily, if rental income is the sole source of earning, then the annual personal allowance will be subtracted from any rental profits.

Tax on rental income UK

In the UK, joint owners have to pay tax on rental income on their rental profit share at their respective marginal rates. To elaborate, even if each equally funds a property but one pays base tax rates, and the other pays higher, the payable tax amount would go down by half of the difference between the tax at both lower and higher levels relative to sole ownership by an additional rate taxpayer. If the situation were reversed, the total rental income tax payable in a partnership would be greater than the amount due on sole ownership for a basic rate taxpayer. Furthermore, it is possible to take on a non-filer to reduce the total tax amount payable through personal allowance deductions.

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Special cases

If someone letting out his/her property only receives £1000 or less in rental income, they do not have to pay any rental income tax. This amount is the profit itself and not the derived figure after any deduction of expenses. Also, these landlords do not have to register their property or land with the HMRC either.

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